The roots of today’s Presidents’ Day stretching back to February 1782, when the city of Richmond, Virginia, held the first public celebration of the birthday of George Washington (Washington’s Birthday), the first President of the United States, born 22 February 1732. Top 19th century, this day became a real national holiday, which was known to conduct sumptuous balls, at which prominent public figures delivered their speeches. Ordinary Americans at this time of feasting in noisy taverns.
There have been memorable occasions. As an example, the celebration in 1850 in Los Angeles, California. City officials have organized a ball to which were invited only the highest members of society. Offended bottoms launched in retaliation to the burning core room, killing several and injuring a decent amount of guests of honour. In 1885 it was announced February 22 a national holiday in honor of the birthday of George Washington . In 1971 came into force legislation of Congress, whose goal was to simplification of the motley calendar of holidays U.S. federal, moving celebration of some of them on Monday. Under this law, and ended Washington’s birthday, which was officially celebrated on the third Monday in February.
But that’s not all. Back in 1860, came to power another great American – Abraham Lincoln, as president of the united fighting in the Civil War the southern and northern states of the country and abolished slavery. His birthday ( February 12 ) was first noted in 1865, when both houses of Congress gathered to honor his memory. And though this day has never been declared a national holiday, it is still celebrated in many American states. President Richard Milhous Nixon in 1971 brought the idea to rename Washington’s Birthday Presidents’ Day by offering to honor not only one of Washington (as by law) or Lincoln (according to tradition in some states), but also others who served his country as the President of the United States. And although it has not turned into law, it is deeply ingrained in the public consciousness.
Thus, the third Monday in February, many celebrated as Day of the Presidents of the United States, although officially it remains a birthday celebration of George Washington. Employees of state agencies in the day resting. For the same stores and supermarkets – this is just another reason to use a three-day weekends, and to arrange the sale of winter patterns, weaving in advertising legends of presidents from different times.